Cinematographic Art

Nowadays, everyone has watched a film and it usually only takes us a few hours. However, the viewing time of a film in comparison to the time that it takes to make is tiny. In fact, a film sometimes requires several months or several years of filming and editing compared to only a hundred minutes of viewing time. Thanks to the large number of people and hours of filming and […]

Nowadays, everyone has watched a film and it usually only takes us a few hours. However, the viewing time of a film in comparison to the time that it takes to make is tiny. In fact, a film sometimes requires several months or several years of filming and editing compared to only a hundred minutes of viewing time.
Thanks to the large number of people and hours of filming and editing the production of films is made possible. We have categorized the different people and concepts that are involved in a film’s production and promotion.

 

Participants in the creation – Participantes en la creación

A film requires very important and long-term work. It sometimes requires several months, or even several years of production. This achievement is made possible thanks to these many professions.

 

A filmmaker / A cineasta
Director / Director of Cine
A writer / A guionista
Technical teams / Equipos técnicos
Cameraman / A cámara
A prop / A atrecista
Producer / Productor de cine
A chief editor / Jefe de montaje
Sound engineer / Un ingeniero de sonido
A makeup artist / Un maquillador

 

Participants behind the camera – Participantes detrás de la cámara

The film is largely produced by those who work behind the camera, however without the actors who work in front of the camera the film would not take form. In fact, their different roles, their acting, allow the film to make sense.

 

Actor / Un actor
Actress / Una actriz
The heroine of the film / La heroína de la película
The hero of the film / El héroe de la película
The main character / El personaje principal – El protagonista
An extra / Un figurante
Stuntman / Un acróbata
First role / Primer papel
Second role / Papel secundario
Main role / El papel principal

 

Shooting – Grabación

The way in which it is shot is also a very important aspect in the success of a film. Many shots exist to bring the film to life and to transmit emotions to the viewers.

A frame / Un marco
The frame / El encuadre
The field of vision / El campo de visión
The background / El plano de fondo
Foreground / El primer plano
Second shot / Segundo plano
General shot / Plan deconjunto
Medium shot / Plano medio
Sequence map / Plano secuencia
Diving / Plano picado
Low-angle / Contrapicado
Off-camera / Fuera del campo
Field depth / Profundidad de campo
The movement / El movimiento
A projection / Una proyección
Slow motion / Una cámara lenta – Un ralentí
Fast motion / Un acelerado
Editing / Edición

 

Filming locations – Lugares de rodaje

 

The locations are also very important, as well as the set design, because they also allow the film to come to life, and to transmit certain emotions to the audience.

 

 

A film set – Studio / Un plató – Un estudio
Decor / El decorado
Natural Decor / Decorado exteriores
Special Effect / Efectos especiales
Green screen / Fondo verde
Lighting / El alumbrado
Staging / Montaje
Dismantling / Desmontaje

 

The different elements of the scene – Los diferentes elementos del escenario

These different elements take part in the film and will give it a particular rhythm. Rhythms that will capture the viewer’s attention and will make them want to watch the entire film.

 

The rhythm of the film / El ritmo de la película
Scene / Una escena
Scheme / La intriga
Suspense / Suspense
The atmosphere / El ambiente
Flash-Back / Escena retrospectiva
The soundtrack / La banda sonora
The sound effects / Los efectos sonoros
Dialogue / Diálogo
Monologue / Monólogo

 

After its release – Después de su lanzamiento

Once the film is made, one of the most important parts is its promotion, its release into the world; it will help to increase the film’s revenue. It will also confirm and value the efforts of all the people who participated in the production of the film.

 

A film with big budget / Una película a gran presupuesto
Promotion / Promoción
Trailer / Tráiler
A release date / Una fecha de salida
A preview / Un preestreno
A cinema / Una sala de cine
Spectator / Espectador
Preview / El visionado
A film festival / Un festival de cine
A film critic / Una crítica de cine
A reward / Una recompensa

 

Useful verbs related to cinema – Verbos útiles relacionados con el cine

These verbs in relation to the cinema will also help you to enrich your vocabulary in connection with the cinematographic art.

Go to the cinema / Ir al cine
Buy the ticket/ Comprar entradas
Reserve tickets on the Internet / Reservar entradas por Internet
Get an Internet Promotion / Obtener descuento de estudiante
Queuing / Hacer la cola
Buy popcorn / Comer palomitas
Choose your seat / Elegir asientos
Question the placer / Preguntar al acomodador
Go to the toilet / Ir al baño
Watch the adverts / Ver los anuncios
Turn off the lights / Apagar las luces
Project the film / Proyectar la película
Listen to the music / Escuchar la música
Clean up the cinema / Limpiar la sala de cine

 

I hope that you have liked this article and that it has enriched your Spanish vocabulary, you will from now on be more comfortable in the subject of the cinematographic art. If you want to go to the restaurant after your film, we also have an article for you that will help you to be more comfortable in the restaurant. However, if you are interested in other topics, we have a lot of articles that will help you learn Spanish!

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